ELECTROLYTE FORMULA AND FUNCTIONAL RELATIONSHIP OF ACTIVATOR TO HELIOPATCH
When devising the formula for the Activator which is a special electrolyte solution we had two major goals, potency and skin friendliness. Finding a way to maximize both is where things got fun.
While developing Heliopatch we investigated a wide-ranging set of formulas for the electrolyte. We started by using a formula optimized for the maximum flow of ions. This worked very well to enhance electron flow, as you need to balance the flow of ions and electrons to keep the body’s charge neutral, but in some highly inflamed individuals too much flowed at once, causing skin irritation; in particular when kept in the same spot for longer than an hour. This formulation was very potent and immediate, but the user needed to move the patch every hour or risk skin irritation. We decided that this stronger version should be restricted to clinics where a professional could supervise the process for proper use. This formulation became the clinical strength patch and we then worked down to something less powerful, longer lasting and much less problematic for the original strength patch formulation.
We sought to make our formulation as skin-friendly as possible, so we started with a baseline of an isotonic solution in the activator. This isotonic solution has the same osmotic balance (saline concentration) as the bodily fluids. We found that isotonic solutions were 0.9% salt.
While most of the ions in the extracellular space are sodium with just a few potassium ions, we found that the ions in the intracellular space were mostly potassium with just a few sodium ions. If we were to make our solution purely from sodium chloride, we could cause an imbalance of the potassium to sodium ratios outside the cell and this could lead to imbalances within the cell. We set out to make a balance of potassium and sodium in the electrolyte formulation that would be applied to the body in an isotonic solution. We found excellent resources that discussed the nature of isotonic solutions and why these solutions provide the best results for the cells of the skin href=”http://alford.bios.uic.edu/teaching/osmosis.html
HOW MANY MOLECULES OF SODIUM (NA+) AND POTASSIUM (K+) ARE IN THE INTRACELLULAR FLUID (ICF) VERSUS THE EXTRA- CELLULAR FLUID (ECF)
- Inside the cell, the ratio is 10/145 which is 0.065 or 6.5% sodium, 93.5% potassium.
- Outside the cell, the ratio is 140/5 which is 0.965 or 96.5% sodium and 3.5% potassium.
TO FIND THE AMOUNT OF SODIUM AND POTASSIUM EQUIVALENT TO THE BODY’S OVERALL RATIOS, WE NEED TO KNOW THE PROPORTIONS OF INTRACELLULAR TO EXTRACELLULAR FLUID IN THE BODY.
This chart gives a rough ratio of 55% intracellular fluid, while the extracellular fluid is 45%. We multiply these by the proportions of the different ions and we can find the sodium to potassium ratio for the human body.
- 0.55 (ICF) * 0.065 (Na+) * 0.009 (percent of NaCl in isotonic solution)= 0.0003217 NaCl
- 0.55 (ICF) * 0.935 (K+) * 0.0146 (percent of KCl in isotonic solution)= 0.007508 KCl
- 0.45 (ECF) * 0.965 (Na+) * 0.009 (percent of NaCl in isotonic solution)= 0.003908 NaCl
- 0.45 (ECF) * 0.035 (K+) * 0.0146 (percent of KCl in isotonic solution)= 0.0002299 KCl
- Adding these solutions up, there is 0.0003217 + 0.003908 for NaCl to equal 0.0042297 NaCl or 0.423% NaCl Likewise, potassium chloride is 0.007508 + 0.0002299 = 0.0077379 KCl or 0.77% KCl
Our electrolyte is going to be primarily in the extracellular space, with a low level of ion exchange to the intracellular compartment. We formulated with a salt that is 15.8% potassium chloride to 84.2% sodium chloride made into an isotonic solution with water. This is a solution optimized for its gentleness to the skin as it is in a concentration equal to that of the body itself (isotonic) as well as with the slight enrichment of potassium that could allow cells to transport some excess potassium from the extracellular space to enrich the intracellular system. At this level, there is some potassium supplementation, but not so much potassium that the cells cannot adjust the intracellular and extracellular ratios of potassium and sodium. We have tested this formulation and found it to be the least irritating with the greatest enhancement of electron transfer.
We added 17% pure vegetable glycerin (starting with our second batch we are using an organic vegetable glycerin) to this electrolyte solution to provide a better contact of the electrolyte to the skin and act as a wetting agent. Glycerin softens skin and dissolves oils on the surface. This helps hold the solution to the body and reduces the surface tension of the aqueous matrix. Glycerin provides a safe, natural and pleasant feel to the electrolyte and has enjoyed a long history of use in cosmetics and other skin-contact applications.
With this solution we have optimized the performance of Heliopatch while also being gentle on the skin. We hope you will enjoy this simple yet elegant Activator that accompanies your Heliopatch and allows you to get the most from it. After extensive testing we have found that it leaves skin moisturized and helps prevent irritation.